Are there countries which require vaccines to get in or out of?
Yes, but New Zealand isn’t one of them.
The only “compulsory” vaccine for many countries worldwide, is Yellow Fever.
Most others are “recommendations” only, doctors might attempt to persuade you otherwise.
USA is a law unto itself, and likes to attempt to “require” everything.
The reality is at the moment, that most border controls assume most people just “do it”, so apart from yellow fever, you are unlikely to be questioned, as they have better things to do.
You can contact your travel agent, to receive up-to-date information; however, most often they refer you to someone like WorldWise (see below).
Ask whoever you chose to talk to, about what conditions apply to those who refuse vaccines i.e. quarantine, in the event of a widely publicised disease outbreak.
Check out which countries will vaccinate you on the spot with Yellow Fever, even if you are only in a transit lounge if you have come from a country where yellow fever is endemic, and if don’t know your “rights”. Australia is needle happy, and doesn’t necessarily adhere to their own “rules”. Australian requirements are; “A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from travellers over 1 year of age entering Australia within 6 days of having stayed overnight or longer in a country with risk of yellow fever transmission”. After six days they can’t jab you.
NEW ZEALAND WEBSITES:
Don’t bother checking the Air New Zealand website. It’s useless.
But here’s the URL to prove the point. http://www.moh.govt.nz/travel#overseas
The only useful information on the New Zealand Ministry of Health site is the international vaccination certificate which can be downloaded from here: http://www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/pagesmh/6694/$File/model-international-certificate-vaccination-form.pdf
The New Zealand Government site http://www.safetravel.govt.nz/ does not contain a list of country vaccine requirements. But check it out for travel advisory notices.
One New Zealand firm gives you the option to put any country into a box, and download a report on it. http://www.travel-essentials.co.nz/country-report-select.asp as well as other reports. Some of the information is very useful.
See menu on the left. (Double check quality of information important to you by using Google, to compare with other sites elsewhere.)
BEWARE re vaccine advice: This website is part of the “WorldWise group, and their vaccination recommendations go far beyond travel “requirements”. Personal experience with WorldWise has shown me that they are in the business of persuading you to have as many vaccines as possible because that’s a core part of their business mandate. (Not that they succeeded with me, but then, it’s hard to persuade someone who knows their stuff.)
As you see here, if you take this company’s ‘advice’ you will be a total needle cushion: http://www.worldwise.co.nz/worldwise-vaccinations.asp http://www.travel-essentials.co.nz/vaccinations-travellers.asp (Travel Essentials and Worldwise are one and the same.) Beware of the Worldwise statement (or any statement) which says: “Vaccinations are now so pure that they are not so likely to cause reactions or side-effects, as they used to do. They tend to be greatly purified and that part of the vaccine that used to cause unpleasant reactions has been eliminated.” Anyone familiar with the compositions of old and new vaccines knows that such a statement is wishful thinking.
The yellow fever vaccine is as dangerous as it has ever been.
Please note their disclaimer in tiny print down the bottom of the page: Disclaimer: Whilst every effort is made to provide current and accurate information and advice, no liability is accepted by TRAVEL ESSENTIALS, WORLDWISE or any of their subsidiaries for any incorrect information.
If you have one of the nasty vaccine reactions you weren’t told about, tough.
INFORMATION ALERT: If you chose to attend a Worldwise centre or any other travel vaccine centre, ask them if you can go and collect the vaccine insert, AND the data sheet printout prior to any appointment, so that you can take them home and think about it.
If they refuse, check out all individual vaccine data sheets by name, on the New Zealand Medsafe website, using THIS search engine. http://www.medsafe.govt.nz/profs/Datasheet/dsform.asp Do not look for the more vague consumer information.
Put in the name of the vaccine, then click on the link.
Here is the Medsafe data sheet for the yellow fever vaccine called Stamaril: http://www.medsafe.govt.nz/profs/Datasheet/s/Stamarilvac.htm
Do an Internet search, putting in the vaccine name, and the words ‘data sheet’ and ‘pdf’ into the search parameters. Doing that for the Yellow Fever vaccine brought up the company’s Stamaril 2007 pdf. http://188.8.131.52/sanofi-pasteur/front/[OPEN_DOC]../visu.documentheque?codeDocument=177&codeSite=AVPI_AU&codeRubrique=47&codeLangue=EN
If you are wanting comprehensive international vaccine information from overseas, here are two main sites: CDC and WHO.
American Centre for Disease Control (CDC) which has information about country entry requirements related to vaccination: http://wwwn.cdc.gov/travel/contentYellowBookUpdates.aspx
The World Health Organisation country list with Yellow Fever requirements: Pages 180 – 205 http://www.who.int/ith/countries/2008_country_list.pdf
Descriptions: Yellow Fever: http://www.who.int/ith/vaccines/2007_selective_use/en/index7.html (The irony of this is that the serious side effects from Yellow Fever vaccine has recently been found to be just as dangerous, if not more so, in numerical terms, than your actual chances of catching Yellow Fever if you are not vaccinated – detailed in ‘From One Prick to Another’.)
Cholera vaccine. http://www.who.int/ith/vaccines/2007_selective_use/en/index.html
Hepatitis A: http://www.who.int/ith/vaccines/2007_selective_use/en/index1.html
Japanese Encephalitis: http://www.who.int/ith/vaccines/2007_selective_use/en/index2.html
Meningococcal disease: http://www.who.int/ith/vaccines/2007_selective_use/en/index3.html
Tick Borne Encephalitis: http://www.who.int/ith/vaccines/2007_selective_use/en/index5.html
Typhoid Fever: http://www.who.int/ith/vaccines/2007_selective_use/en/index6.html
Expect most countries in the world to become needle happy in the coming years, as the WHO tries to implement more stringent International Health Regulations: http://www.who.int/csr/ihr/en/index.html